Skip to Main Content

Foreign Law (Laws of Other Countries)

This guide will help users navigate the domestic laws of a foreign country. For help with treaties or international case law, please use the International Law guide

What are Gazettes?

Official gazettes in most jurisdictions serve as the primary government publication for official notices and announcements, legislation, and more.

For example, the Diario Oficial de la Federación (D.O) is the official gazette of the federal government in Mexico and all legal matters and legislation must be published in the D.O. before they can go into effect. In many jurisdictions, the official gazette is the only published source for session laws and other primary legal materials. Although most countries publish a gazette, their regularity and content varies widely.

Gazettes in Print

The Legal Research Center has Official Gazettes and primary law in paper for only a few selected non-U.S. jurisdictions. Students should use the regional catalogs (California Western School of LawThomas Jefferson School of Law, and San Diego County Law Library) to search for gazettes by title or use the LRC's Interlibrary Loan service.

Gazettes Online

If a country is not included in one of the links above, use the alphabetical country tabs on this guide to navigate to primary sources.

Where can I find official gazettes online?

Government Gazettes Online

Managed by the University of Michigan, School of Information, this database provides direct links to official gazettes (some in PDF) and includes information on language, frequency of publication, time coverage, and general content. Countries covered:

  • Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Belize, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Ecuador, El Salvador, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Korea, Luxembourg, Macau, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway , Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Lucia, Singapore, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela

InterAm Database

LRC Research Databases

Developed by the National Law Center for InterAmerican Free Trade, InterAm provides legal information pertaining to trade, investment, and related issues throughout the Americas. InterAm includes primary sources (statutes, regulations, technical standards, official gazettes, constitutions, case law and treaties) and some secondary sources (commentaries, law review articles and analysis). Full-text only. InterAm access is limited to USD community members.

Example Citations

An Official Gazette citation in Bluebook form may look like any of these:

Note that each citation specifies the official title of the item, a translation in English, a note indicating whether the item has been amended, and finally the date of publication in the official gazette.
Rule Type of Document Example Citation
T2.5 Brazil: Statues and Decrees Decreto No. 70.391, de 12 de abril de 1972, D.O.U. de 14.04.1972. (Brazil).
T2.13 France: Statutes and Decrees Law No. 85-669 of July 11, 1985, Journal Officiel de la République Française [J.O.] [Official Gazette of France], July 12, 1985, p. 7865.
T2.27 Mexico: Legislative and Executive Materials Ley Federal de Compentencia Económica [L.F.C.E.] [Competition Law], as amended, Diario Oficial de la Federación [D.O.], 24 Diciembre de 1992 (Mex.).
T2.33 Philippines: Legislation An Act providing for a System of Overseas Absentee Voting by Qualified Citizens of the Philippines Abroad, Appropriating Funds Therefor, and for Other Purposes, Rep. Act No. 9189 § 5(a), 99:19 O.G. 2997, (May 12, 2003) (Phil.).