U.N. Security Council
- The Security Council investigates disputes, determines the existence of threats to international peace and security, and recommends what action (including military action) should be taken against aggressors.
- The Security Council is made up of the five permanent members (China, France, Russian Federation, U.K., U.S.A.) and ten other members elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms.
U.N. Economic and Security Council
- The Economic and Social Council serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues, and for formulating policy recommendations addressed to member states and the UN
- The 54 member governments of ECOSOC are elected by the General Assembly for terms of three years, with 18 elected each year. It holds one four-week session each year in July
U.N. Trusteeship Council (Inactive)
- The Trusteeship Council was responsible for administering and preparing eleven trust territories for self-government and independence.
- The Trusteeship Council suspended operations on November 1, 1994, with the independence of Palau, the last remaining U.N. trust territory, and will meet only as the occasion requires.
- The Secretariat provides studies, information, and facilities needed by the various bodies of the United Nations for their meetings.
- The Secretariat comprises the Secretary-General and tens of thousands of international UN staff members working in duty stations around the world.
International Court of Justice
- The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations.
- The fifteen judges on the court are elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council for terms of nine years.